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Showing posts from July, 2016

Another extensive rain event recorded

As many other parts of VA, we have been experiencing thunderstorms running through our area in the past week for so. Yesterday, we had about 9 hours of wetness with an average temperature of low 70's, then followed by a very humid night with an average temperature of mid-60's. These conditions are conducive for downy mildew development. Please check the previous posting for more information on downy mildew management. Also, as veraison approaches near (or happening for some cultivars), please check 12 July posting on late season disease management.

A quick reminer on downy mildew

At Winchester, we had 8 hours of wetness observed on last Thursday, then there are several short rains/thunderstorms. Moreover, the night time relative humidity has been fairly high (> 95%) in the past few days. These conditions favors downy mildew development because downy mildew pathogen prefer to produce spores under dark humid conditions. At this point, you do not need to worry about downy mildew infection on clusters; however, they can still infect leaves. Often time, you will see infection on the top of the canopy around this time of the year because younger leaves are more susceptible than older ones. Once infection gets severe, it can defoliate infected leaves. As usual, it is much better and easier to have a preventative program than try to play a catch up game. There are many good protective materials for downy mildew, such as Revus products, Zampro, Forum (Please note that these three share the same mode of action), and Ranman. In our small trial, we found that fixe

Seasonal disease management considerations toward the end of the season.

Most of us are about to finish critical time when clusters are susceptible to infection by downy mildew, powdery mildew, and black rot.   This critical time varies by varieties, but in general, 4 to 6 weeks and 3-4 weeks from bloom for V. vinifera and V. labrusca species, respectively.   After this critical period, you should be able to relax a bit because these pathogens no longer able to cause disease on berries. So, what’s next?   As usual, disease dynamics really depends on environmental conditions, cultivars grown, and cultural practice you employ, but in general, this is the moment when you will be thinking about late season diseases such as Botrytis, ripe rot, bitter rot, and sour rot.   The spray timings for Botrytis is at bloom, bunch closure, and veraison.   The pathogen seems to be active throughout the season. The main reason we recommend application of a Botrytis specific material at bunch closure is that this most likely to be the last

An update on yesterday's post

Just an update on yesterday's post: At Winchester, AREC, a total leaf wetness hours was 29 hours, with an average temperature of 67F. Thus, this rain event was warm and long enough for both downy mildew and black rot. Also, it was long enough for Botrytis as well. For the details of downy and black rot kick back activity fungicides, please refer to yesterday's post.

An extensive wetness event recorded (and still going)

A cool and wet Fourth of July weekend resulted in a very long leaf wetness hours. So far, more than 12 hours of wetness has been recorded at Winchester AREC, and at this rate, it will go on over the night (= potentially it will be a longer than 24 hours of wetness event). As noted in my previous post, the April frost event(s) probably resulted in a prolonged bloom period. Because of that, I have a feeling that some portions of clusters of many of cultivars are still under a critical period for downy mildew, powdery mildew, and black rot for at least one more week. If your vines were protected with materials such as mancozeb (for downy, and black rot), Revus, Forum, Zampro, Presidio, or Ranman (for downy), Luna Experience, Rally, or other DMI (for black rot) or Abound, Pristine, or other QoI (for black rot), you should not worry too much about it. However, if your vines were not well protected, (e.g., last application was more than 12 days ago, or you have missed some of protective