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Showing posts from August, 2014

Note on sour rot

As the harvest approaches (plus recent rain events in some part of VA), I am receiving several emails on sour rot.  It is often confused, but not all late season rots are sour rot.  Sour rot is basically a disease caused by bacteria that form acetic acid, such as Acetobactor and Gluconobactor .  It is often associated with wounds (birds, insects, hail, too much rain, early season powdery mildew, certain very fair-skin varieties, etc), high Brix level (13-15 or higher), warm temperature range (high 60F to mid 70F). Since these bacteria cannot penetrate berry skin tissues by themselves, what we typically recommend is wound management (e.g., bird netting, grape berry moth management, etc.), and many people mention that it works.  However, with a potential role of Spotted Wing Drosophila (or lesser extent, African fig fly), which may able to penetrate skin, there is a possibility that we may see more sour rot in the future.  Luckily, Dr. Wayne Wilcox's group at Cornell University

Last stretch spray consideration

Due to the rain event over the weekend, many people are concerned about protection for next week or two before the harvest.  At this point, the tools are rather limited due to PHI as well as wine making consideration. For downy mildew (especially for foliage, your berries are protected at this point), you can use Phosphonate (= phosphorous acid) product or captan.  (Both have 0-day PHI) For late season rots, especially Botrytis, you can use captan, Elevate (both have 0-day PHI), Switch (7-day PHI), Rovral (7-day PHI), Scala (7-day PHI), Vanguard (7-day PHI), or maybe Endura, Pristine or Luna products (these three have 14-day PHI). For ripe rot and bitter rot, a QoI (Abound, Pristine, Sovran, Flint, etc = 14-day PHI) and captan seem to be the key product.  Our lab is investigating the efficacy of a phosphonate too. As usual, please consider the situation at your vineyard as well as weather forecast.  If you do not see any issues at your place, picking in 7-day, and don't see

Recent disease events

I was away for several weeks for a series of meetings, and of course things happen when you are not around... 7/28: 9 hours of wetness, around 66F (low Botrytis and downy risk event) 8/6:   12 hours of wetness, around 64F (low Botrytis and downy risk event) 8/7: 13 hours of wetness, around 57F (probably not much of risk event) 8/11: 19 hours of wetness, around 60F  (low Botrytis and downy risk event) 8/13: 13 hours of wetness, around 60F  (low Botrytis and downy risk event) 8/20: 14 hours of wetness, around 65F  (medium Botrytis and downy risk event) 8/23: 6 hours of wetness, around 65F (low Botrytis and downy risk event) 8/24: 10 hours of wetness, around 62F  (low Botrytis and downy risk event) I will have a few more updates coming up...